Vol. 4 No. S-29 (2022): Volume 4, Issue S-28, Year 2022

Sangam Literary Poems on Kurinji land - An Individual Psychological Perspective

Sankar M
Department of Tamil, Sri Kaliswari College (Autonomous), Sivakasi-626130, Tamil Nadu, India

Published 2022-12-05


  • Kurinji,
  • Sangam Literature,
  • Mayon,
  • Psychology

How to Cite

M, S. (2022). Sangam Literary Poems on Kurinji land - An Individual Psychological Perspective. International Research Journal of Tamil, 4(S-29), 171-184. https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt224s-222929

Plum Analytics


Kurinji is one of the five land parts of Tamil people. But Tolkappiyam puts Mullai as the first and Kurinji as the second, while firing Kurinji land sexuality (Tol. Meaning. Akat. 15) is fired as first. The reason behind it is Mayon because Mayon is the god who protects the land (the world) and sex belongs to all lands but is considered to be specially cherished in Kurinji region. However, man's first life begins in the mountains. Therefore, Kurinji is the first and foremost of the five landforms. It is well known that Kurinji is a mountain and hilly area. But, it is said that the name of this place came from the flower. This Kurinji plant can be found at more than six thousand feet above sea level, hence the region is named as Kurinji. Apart from that, the flower of this plant blooms only once in twelve years. Due to the absence of such a surprising flower in nature, this name is appropriate for a mountainous place. Kurinjinilam, Kudirkalam and Yamam (Kangul) are necessary for the meeting of lovers and it is described well in Sangam literary index poems. The number of Sangam Literary Index poems is 488. These are respectively 131 poems in Natrinai, 147 poems in Kurundogai, 100 poems in Ainkurunuru, 80 poems in Akananuru, 29 poems in Kalithogai and 1 poem in Patuppattu. The main purpose of this article is to study these poems from the perspective of human psychology.


Metrics Loading ...


  1. Amutha, M. (2014) Sanga Aga Ilakiyathil Vayil Thuraipadalkal – Ulaviyal Nookku, Kavya Publication, Chennai, India
  2. Gopalaiyar, T.V. (2013) Tamil Ilakana peragarathi, Tamilman Pathippgam, Chennai, India
  3. Mariya Sepasthiyan, A. (2013) Tamilarin Paliyal Muraimagal, New Century Book House, Chennai, India
  4. Nadarajan, T.S. (2008) Thiranaivukalai (Kolkaikalum Payilmuraikalum), New Century Book House, India
  5. Ravichandran, T.K. (2015) Sigmund Freud Ulappaguppaaivu Arivak, Alaigal Pathippagam, Chennai, India
  6. Saradhambal, S. (1999) Freudin Kanavu Kolkaikalum Silambil kanavum, Tamiliyal AIvu Thoguthi 2, Madurai, India
  7. Saradhambal, S. (2017) Ilakiyamum Ulapagupaivum (KOlkaikalum Pathilmuraikalum), New Century Book House, India
  8. Seenisami, D. (2004) Tamil Navalkalil Ulachitharipu, Tamil University, Tanjavur, India
  9. Thiyagarajan, P. (2012) Sanga Kurunchithinai Padalkal, Meyyapan Pathippagam, Chidambaram, India