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Vol. 3 No. 1 (2021): Volume 3, Issue 1, Year 2021
Articles

Women of the other Epics in view of Periyar

Kamalakannan P
Department of Tamil, Chikkaiah Naicker College, Erode-638004, Tamil Nadu, India.

Published 2021-01-23

Keywords

  • Tamil Epics,
  • Draupathi,
  • Classical Epics,
  • Indhirasenai,
  • Periyar

How to Cite

P, K. (2021). Women of the other Epics in view of Periyar. International Research Journal of Tamil, 3(1), 166-173. https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21118

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Abstract

As English has its influence throughout the world, most of Shakespeare’s works became famous. Even then, one can challenge that so far no one has written anything which can beat down the classical epics and Idhikāsams. There is no much difference between men and women in nature. Both are similar in aesthetics, knowledge, character etc. The respect given to women during Sangam period has got changed. They were refused of their rights in the later literature and in the minds of the poets. The chaste women in the Tamil epics were obedient to their husbands, and on one would have ever questioned their husbands. Akalyai, who accidently lost her chastity is also included in the list of chaste women. Panchali, who is referred as Draupathi, Krishnai, Indhirasenai, Thrihayani is the heroine of Vyasar’s Maha Bharatham, won by Arjuna in Swayamvaram, she became wife of five Pandavas on the words of Kunthi. She appealed to Kannan to safeguard her during the abuse happened to her by Dushyasana, in Dhruyodhana’s court when the game of dice was challenged to her husband. Sita, the heroine of Ramayana is adored as the ‘fire of chastity’, ‘ornament of chastity’ etc. Though Mandodhri condemns her husband’s activities, she is also added to be one among the chaste women as she died immediately following her husband’s death. Periyar appreciates only certain heroine who parallels his ideologies of reasoning, discipline and self-respect and criticizes others.

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References

  1. Periyar E.V.R., (2007), Notes on Ramayanam – periyar dravidar kazhagam, Chennai, India.
  2. Periyar E.V.R., (2018), Ramayana Paaththirangal, Logital Books, India.
  3. Subramanian, A.V., (2013), Development of Tamil Research, Meyyappan Publishing, Chennai, India.