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Vol. 3 No. 4 (2021): Volume 3, Issue 4, Year 2021

Sangam Literary Short Poems - Ethnographic Perspective

Sankar M
Department of Tamil, Sri Kaliswari College (Autonomous), Sivakasi-626130, Tamil Nadu, India

Published 2021-09-21


  • Ethnography,
  • Sangam Literature,
  • Kuṟiñcittiṇai Poems,
  • Cultural,
  • Civilization

How to Cite

M, S. (2021). Sangam Literary Short Poems - Ethnographic Perspective. International Research Journal of Tamil, 3(4), 140-155.

Plum Analytics


Anthropology is the science of being able to talk about man. There are various disciplines in anthropology. Cultural anthropology is one of them. There are two divisions in this cultural anthropology. One of them is ethnography; The other is Ethnology. Of these, ethnographic research appeared in the early 19th century. Ethnography is the study of all kinds of traditions found in a particular group of people or in a particular area. Those who write this will be called "ethnographers". Ethnography is the study of how a person of a particular culture views his or her culture from that perspective.  Today, they are writing about the culture of their people. This is what we call "Tinaisar inavariviyal". Cultural studies also form the basis of ethnographic research. Ethnographic research is helpful in examining the culture of a particular ethnic group. That is why ethnographic research may have laid its scepter in the fields of social anthropology, cultural anthropology and folklore. In Short Ethnography is the process of penetrating the life of a particular ethnic group.  In this way one can understand the Civilization and Culture. As we seek to explain a particular group and their culture, we begin to act with certain elements in mind. In that sense Bhagwatsala Bharathi exemplifies 37 elements of ethnography in his Cultural Anthropology. These elements contribute to penetrating the lives of a particular ethnic group. In this way one can understand the civilization and culture of the Peoples. Kuṟiñcittiṇai is one of the four geographical categories referred to as Tolkappiyam. There are 488 poems about in the Sangam literature. The purpose of this article is to evaluate these collections on the basis of Ethnographical Study, with a collection of Sangam literary Kuṟiñcittiṇai Poems.  It explores the Material, Cultural, Occupations, Rituals, and Beliefs of the people of Kurinji.


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