List of Project Awardees 2020 to 2021, India's First DOI registered and Google Scholar Tamil Journal
Vol. 3 No. S-2 (2021): Volume 3, Issue S-2, Year 2021

Satire techniques: Early devotional texts and mukkoodarpallu - An introductory comparison

Stalin S
Department of Tamil, Madras Christian College (Autonomous), Tambaram, Chennai-600059, Tamil Nadu, India.

Published 2021-04-30


  • Satire,
  • pallu,
  • Parody,
  • Religious Opposition,
  • Devotional literature

How to Cite

S, S. (2021). Satire techniques: Early devotional texts and mukkoodarpallu - An introductory comparison. International Research Journal of Tamil, 3(S-2), 77-81.

Plum Analytics


Tamil literature holds a broader research domain which still explores itself for the extensive researches. From time to time, discussions and researches occur in religious context. Even after Sangam literature, Jainism and Buddhism taught the virtues and then gradually converted to the literary forms as religious concepts. Following this vogue, Saivam / Vaishnavism used Tamil literature to promote their own religious concepts and also to oppose the other religions. Later, they dissolved their contraindication and united in order to oppose the other religions. This trend can be traced in “MUKOODARPALLU”. A comparative study between the early and later religious literature is done and a technique called SATIRE is spotted in the text and sketched its features in the introductory level.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


  1. Pillai, K.K., (2009) History of Tamil – People and Culture, International Institute of Tamil Studies, Chennai, India
  2. Dakshinamurthy, A., (1994) Tamil people Civilization and Culture, Yazh Publishinig, Chennai, India
  3. Sittrambalam, (2006) Periyapuranam, Gangai book stores, Chennai, India
  4. Sambanthar, (1964), Devara thirupathiga thiratu, Kazhaga veliyedu, Chennai, India
  5. Durai Rajaram, (2000) Manimegalai, Mullai Nilayam, Chennai, India
  6. Lena Tamilvanan, (1986), Mukoodatpallu moolamum theliuraiyum, Manimegalai press, Chennai, India
  7. Kannan, V., (1985) Literary Comparison, Mohan Pathippagam, Chennai, India
  8. Mayilai Venkatasamy, Samana and Tamil, Sri Shenbaga pathippagam, Chennai, India
  9. Tamilannal, (2009) Tholkappiyam, manivasagara pathippagam, Chennai, India
  10. Ramasubramaniyam, (2000), Naalayira Divya Prabandham (Moolamum Uraiyum), Chennai, India
  11. The Random House Dictionary – Jess Stein, New York.1967