Vol. 3 No. 4 (2021): Volume 3, Issue 4, Year 2021

Virali and Artistic Background Change

Poongodi A
Department of Tamil, Padmavani College of Arts and Science for Women, Salem-636011, Tamil Nadu, India.

Published 2021-08-31


  • Virali,
  • Artist,
  • Gift,
  • Multiple Skills,
  • Paadini

How to Cite

A, P. (2021). Virali and Artistic Background Change. International Research Journal of Tamil, 3(4), 24-31. https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2144

Plum Analytics


Humans carried the ideas that came to their minds to the people through the arts. Artists are those who have the power to express the arts to others through their culture. The role of such artists in the Sangam era was of great importance. Ninga had a place in the kingdom and in the battlefields. In Sangam songs, the words for the artist were Panar, Porunar, Kuiluvar, Vayiriyar, Viraliyar, Kuttar, Kannular and Patiniyar. Although all of these are generic, there is a subtle difference between the names in terms of musical instruments' playing, dancing, and singing skills. Of these, Viraliyar is a feminist and singer. Virali is a performer who leads a nomadic life. Virali, who excelled in receiving gifts, exemplified the success of kings through their arts. The literature shows that they received valuables gifts like mountain, country, gold, jewelers when they sang songs in praise of the kings. In perumpanatrupadaiviralis beauty was lauded from head to toe. The detailed description is present inkesathipatha. From these descriptions we can get to understand their significance. Such a beautiful and elegantviralis transferred intoparaththiyarover a period of time.


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