International Research Journal of Tamil https://irjt.iorpress.org/index.php/irjt International Research Journal of Tamil its a Quarterly open access journal At this moment, there is a need for quality international research in Tamil to promote Tamil research, We have arranged for the free publication of quality articles to be accepted in our Journal. IOR PRESS en-US International Research Journal of Tamil 2582-1113 Unchanging Struggle in a Changing World: Unmasking the Social Mechanism in Female Verses https://irjt.iorpress.org/index.php/irjt/article/view/39 <p>Despite the prevalence of gender-based theories of feminism and women language after 19 <sup>th</sup> century, several female scholars emerged from the Sangam era and sowed the seeds of this idea. The lists of the female poets are Avvaiyar, Perunkopendu, Andal, Karaikalammaiyar and present women language poets. With the changing times and the voices of various feminist rebellions, the social texture that is limited to women has not only changed, but the plight of women has increased on a daily basis. In particular, the definitions of women in the two different contexts of home and work are still unchanged. Although women are projected to have created a free space for education and economic quality, there are still women who accept subjugation as on unwritten rule. This paper is a study of women language verse, which has recorded this constant dehumanization as a weapon of language and provoking social conscience as feminism.</p> Sutha M Priya A Ravikumar R Copyright (c) 2020 IOR PRESS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2020-02-12 2020-02-12 2 2 1 11 10.34256/irjt2021 Tamil Langauge Learning for Assamese Students: An Error Analysis https://irjt.iorpress.org/index.php/irjt/article/view/40 <p>‘Language learning’ is a continuous process, and the learners have to focus on the various aspects of the language whether it is Tamil, English or any other language. In the process of learning, the learners commit errors while speaking and writing. Through constant practice and proper usage, they gradually avoid errors in their language. It is not possible for a teacher or a learner to get rid of this problem without practicing the language. As far as the Tamil language is concerned, it is learnt as a foreign language in some countries and as a second language in other states of India. The concept of "error" has become one of the major problems in language learning. In this article an attempt is made to examine the important dimensions of Error Analysis, with specific reference to the errors produced by learners of Tamil as a second language at Gauhati University. The paper deals with the scope of Tamil language-learning in Assam and the explanations of different categories of language error committed by students and the solution to the error.</p> Vijayakumar B Copyright (c) 2020 IOR PRESS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2020-02-12 2020-02-12 2 2 12 25 10.34256/irjt2022 'Aanmavin Raagangal', A catalyst to provoke Humanitarianism and Patriotism https://irjt.iorpress.org/index.php/irjt/article/view/41 <p>A song sung by a soul which sacrificed himself publicly for the freedom of India and by the soul which sacrificed herself privately for the freedom of India is the centre and apex of the Novel ‘Aanmavin Raagangal’. The sweet characters of these two souls kindle us to read this novel continually. From this Novel, we can clearly understand the Patriotism and Humanitarianism of the author, Na. Parthasarathy. This novel portrays the nature of selfless people in the period of freedom struggle of India and the selfish people of the corrupted politics at present. The study calls us to get rid of all social evils at present and also insist us to imbibe the patriotism and humanitarianism.</p> Fatima Mary Sylvia F Anbarasu M Copyright (c) 2020 IOR PRESS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2020-02-12 2020-02-12 2 2 26 30 10.34256/irjt2023 Thinai based Antics and Music- Adopting Silapathikaram https://irjt.iorpress.org/index.php/irjt/article/view/42 <p>The Thinai based life of Tamils is a formalized one. Such Tamils set up jobs in their land where they are lived. Depending on the land (kurinji (hilly/mountain region), palai (parched/dry lands), mullai (pastoral tract), marutam (wet/ agricultural lands) and neital (coastal area)), they also developed their business. They are the first disciplines to follow. Extraordinary works have also uncovered remarkable art. With the grammar of these internal corporations, approach Silapathikaram and explore the claim that he has made.</p> Karunakaran G Copyright (c) 2020 IOR PRESS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2020-02-17 2020-02-17 2 2 31 43 10.34256/irjt2024 The revolutionary thoughts viewed in the Bharathidasan Revolutionary poems https://irjt.iorpress.org/index.php/irjt/article/view/43 <p>Bharathidasan, who wanted to spread revolutionary ideas among the masses, created an miniature Epic “Puratchi Kavi”. In the days when discrimination of the poor was spreading among the masses and the poor were forced to live as slaves, the revolution of all was one. For good government, he established the importance of women's education through the Educational lust of the head. The revolutionary specialty is the manipulation of the weapon of love to eliminate the discrimination of the superior and the inferior. The king opposition for love life takes to the Slaughterhouse. There in the presence of the people, they present their situation and the decision is left in the hands of the people. Because this article tells us that the revolution of the people is the flowering of democracy and that the good will flow only if the democracy blossoms.</p> Thana Lekshmi P Copyright (c) 2020 IOR PRESS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2020-02-17 2020-02-17 2 2 44 52 10.34256/irjt2025 Physiological norms in Silappatikaram https://irjt.iorpress.org/index.php/irjt/article/view/44 <p>Silappatikaram an epic poetry was written by Ilanko Adikal.&nbsp; Silambu and Context (Athikaram) are combined and becomes Silappatikaram. The story of Silmba (Anklet) is therefore called Silappatikaram. It is called the Citizen's Epic because it was sung by ordinary people like Kovalan and Kannaki. It is the book that makes the life of the people very clear. Individuality, Family, Relative, Community Membership, Citizenship are Physiological Sites and characteristics that human beings need to protect, tasks to perform, and the norms by which an ordinary man can live in everyday life. The integrity of the political life, the rise of femininity, the belief in morality are the high principles of the Tamil people; Silappatikaram explains these. It persuades moral principles through fiction. In this way, it is considered to be the study of the Physiological norms of these People's through dance.</p> Shopana Tharmenthira Copyright (c) 2020 IOR PRESS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2020-02-17 2020-02-17 2 2 53 59 10.34256/irjt2026 Two people who showed grace in the field of Akatthurai https://irjt.iorpress.org/index.php/irjt/article/view/45 <p>Grace Texts given by the Nayanmars and Alvars in Tamil has given the unique status of the language of devotion. They are the biographical record of the people who have led the life of the Blessed Sacrament. In the line of witnesses who insisted on piety, Manikkavacakar and Thirumangai Alvar, renouncing their dynasties, were doing their best through piety. They rejoice in their ungodly prayer, based on the unadulterated love of music that the Sangam Literature points out. They used the instinctive love-events of the senses to convey a sense of bliss that is beyond the senses, to human knowledge. This article discusses the Grace Texts of Manikkavacakar and Thirumangai Alvar given in the field of Akatthurai.</p> Madan Kumar R Copyright (c) 2020 IOR PRESS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2020-02-17 2020-02-17 2 2 60 73 10.34256/irjt2027 The God Murugan in Bharatanatyyam https://irjt.iorpress.org/index.php/irjt/article/view/46 <p>Bharatanatyam is the bhava (expression), raga (melody) and tala (rhythm) are gathered together. It is a beautiful aesthetic art. This article is exploring how God Murugan is special in this great Bharatanatyam dance. The purpose of this study is to examine how hand seals, foot movements, and heroic bhavas are used to illustrate the characteristics of Kandan or God Murugan. The idea is to lead the people and the person into a spiritual state of light when they are revealed through the Bharata dance rather than the highlighting of Kandan's unique qualities. In this case, the Bharatanatyam forms of the senior dancers of the Jaffna and the Bharatanatyam forms of the University of Jaffna dance have been studied until they are known. This system includes the seals applied to the forms of the God of Muruga and the concluding remarks. These are used in detail analysis, field analysis, and meteorology. Through this process, young people will learn to deal with Bharatanatyam and Lord Muruga with a sense of devotion.</p> Shopana Tharmenthira Copyright (c) 2020 IOR PRESS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2020-02-18 2020-02-18 2 2 74 81 10.34256/irjt2028 Regional Based Mayakkam and Thinai Mayakkam https://irjt.iorpress.org/index.php/irjt/article/view/47 <p>The intersectional areas featured in the literature are the abilities of the Creator who seek to express the living style condition of the people in a realistic manner. The reason is that a community-based creator of the idealized belt. ‘Mudarporul’, ‘Karuporul’ and ‘Uriporul’ pertaining to a specific landscape of ‘Tinai’ may occur in a verse belonging to another ‘Tinai’. This transgression is called ‘Tinai Mayakkam’. If ‘Mudarporul’ and ‘Karuporul’ insist there natural space where is ‘Uriporul’ not necessery. Otherwise, if ‘Mudarporul’ and ‘Karuporul’ create cultural space it is not possible to eliminate ‘Uriporul’ from create themes based on cultural space. ‘Tinai’ is pointing to the man-made cultural space.&nbsp;Just a literary creator, who is not only, delivers a natural space but also he builds humans’ cultural space.</p> Umarani B Copyright (c) 2020 IOR PRESS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2020-02-18 2020-02-18 2 2 82 90 10.34256/irjt2029 Tamil International Thiruvalluvar Calendar https://irjt.iorpress.org/index.php/irjt/article/view/48 <p>A variety of calendars are currently in circulation. The English Gregorian Calendar is in use internationally. But there are some problems with using a standard calendar in Tamil. Thus the Thiruvalluvar calendar is created as part of the effort to create a standard calendar in Tamil. It can be used by everyone, regardless of caste, religion, language or ethnicity. The Tamil International Thiruvalluvar Calendar (Thasati) is based on the Thiruvalluvar Year and 13 thirukkural chapter groups as month names. In this calendar, All months have 28 days except the first month. The First month has 29 days in normal and 30 days in a leap year.</p> Arivumani V Copyright (c) 2020 IOR PRESS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2020-02-21 2020-02-21 2 2 91 99 10.34256/irjt20210 Cultural Ecology views in Sangam Literature https://irjt.iorpress.org/index.php/irjt/article/view/54 <p>The human race, a component of nature, has begun to experience the opposite effect as a reaction to the domination of nature. The modern society, which is endangering the dangers of global warming and climate change, has just begun to express its concern for nature. This is why the modern concept of ecology is gaining more attention. The concept of ecology is now a matter of debate, rather than a defence of nature, of human self-defence. It is only by understanding nature and living on it that the human race can establish its presence in this global sphere. "Man is a social animal. He responds directly to the environment through his actions and changes not only his way of life but also the way of life of all living things” In his book Theory of cultural change 1955 by Julian Stewart. Ecology Review is a study that combines scientific theoretical environment and literature with language and biological theories. Nature has a great influence on us as a living substance and when we misuse it, it brings us great danger. All Tamil ancient life in the academy is seen as ecological. The following nattrinai poems describe how the people of the Sangam era had an understanding of nature.</p> Elanchezhiyan L Copyright (c) 2020 IOR PRESS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2020-03-22 2020-03-22 2 2 111 118 10.34256/irjt20212 Mayilasalak Kalampakam: The Editorial Methods https://irjt.iorpress.org/index.php/irjt/article/view/49 <p>Edition history is an aid to understanding how literary creation occurred during a particular period. It also includes various Editions of a book, religious and sociological trends. Contemporary forms of devotional literature have now emerged. The bibliographical editions published by monasteries and research institutions need to be looked at as to how their source is followed. Through this it is possible to find out how the editions have transcended the scholarly community and what kind of flexibility the editions environment has embedded within it. This article is intended to illustrate this with various editions of the book on the Mayilasala Kalampakam that wrote by Vannacharabham Dhandapani Swamikal.</p> Kalaivani S Copyright (c) 2020 IOR PRESS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2020-02-25 2020-02-25 2 2 100 110 10.34256/irjt20211