Vol. 4 No. S-24 (2022): Volume 4, Issue S-24, Year 2022

The Constraints of Arivumathi in the Sangam Literary Tradition

Mejila Jeevi S
Department of Tamil, Lekshmipuram College of Arts and Science, Neyyoor-629802, Tamil Nadu, India

Published 2022-12-15


  • Women,
  • Arivumathi,
  • European Philosophy,
  • Deconstruction

How to Cite

S, M. J. (2022). The Constraints of Arivumathi in the Sangam Literary Tradition. International Research Journal of Tamil, 4(S-24), 38-52. https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt224s246

Plum Analytics


Sangam age is the literary source of the Tamil language. Since then, they have come up with a series of moral ages, epic periods, and bhakti literature periods and have given various kinds of literature to the Tamil world. The theory of postmodernism is said to have arisen as opposed to the theory of modernity developed by world capitalist society in the aftermath of World War II. The term postmodernism refers to "postmodernism" as 'PoMo'. It can be said that postmodernism was born when the French thinker Jacques Derrida used the term ‘nir-nirmaanam (Deconstruction).’ Derrida's deconstruction theory explains that by constructing a text made of language, the author of the text can find many new meanings that transcend the single meaning that is already being spoken. All the ancient ideologies were centre-based. The breaking down of these traditional structures can be said to be the constraint of postmodern theory. It was only after the 1980s that postmodernism became the talk of the town in the Tamil context. The reader's view of literature from his point of view is re-reading. Literature is composed of symbolic languages. For that symbolism, the reader presents a new text as a rereading text. Similarly, the poet Arivumathi has re-read the traditional text of Sangam literature composed by the commentators and has reconstructed it according to European philosophy from a postmodern point of view in the form of a rereading method called Tamilurai (textual description). In the Tamilurai section, Sangam advances the edges of discourse and enforces the general order of the design. Author Arivumathi has shown the male-centric ideas, the captivity of women, the marginalized who have been pushed by those in power, and the plight of Tamils being driven out. In this article, the ability of the Tamil text to construct the text relevant to the Sangam text has been examined.


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