List of Project Awardees 2020 to 2021, India's First DOI registered and Google Scholar Tamil Journal
Vol. 2 No. 3 (2020): Volume 2, Issue 3, Year 2020

The Historical records of Sangam’s Akam Literature

Nagalakshmi V
Department of Tamil, A.V.C. College (Autonomous), Mannanpandhal, Mayiladuthurai - 609305, Tamil Nadu, India.

Published 2020-07-17


  • Sangam,
  • Literature,
  • Akam,
  • Puram,
  • History,
  • Tamizhagam,
  • Hero stone
  • ...More

How to Cite

V, N. (2020). The Historical records of Sangam’s Akam Literature. International Research Journal of Tamil, 2(3), 211-217.

Plum Analytics


The History of Tamilnadu is two thousand years old. The Sangam literature helps to understand the history of ancient Tamil Nadu. As we know, Historical records, stories, and evidences abound in Puram poems of Sangam literature. Although it is about the Akam poems, there are several historical references to know about ancient Tamizhagam. The poets manipulate parables, to make imperceptible to perceptible and making in a way to give pleasure for the adorned. It is the opinion of the authors that, the parables, have been used more in the Akam material than in the Puram material. The parables used in a perceivable way in the Akam literature to convey and express the sentiments and feelings of the chiefs, and for commenting and entertaining of the historical messages. The poets have sung about the three kings (Moovendhars), chieftains (Kurunila mannargal), philanthropists, valor, war, town, country and donations through the expressions and emotions of Thalaivan (Hero), Thalaivi (Heroine) and by the parables. Through the poems, come to know that, the soldiers who died heroically in battle are honored by planting hero stones. The purpose of this article is to illustrate the historical references, sung in the five anthologies of Ettuthogai.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


  1. V. Rajesh, The making of the ancient Tamil literary canon, Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, 67 (2006-2007) 153-161.
  2. G. Subbiah, King, Kingship and King-Poets in early Tamil akam, Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, 44 (1983) 86-100.
  3. V.A. Gurunathan, (1998) History of Kings in Sangam Literature, Tamil University Publication, Thanjavur.
  4. Aranga Ramalingam, (1987) Sanga Ilakkiyathil Vendhar, 1st Edition, Bharathi Puththagalayam, Chennai University Publication, Chennai, India.
  5. Mayilai. Seeni. Venkatasamy, (2001) History Research in Sangam Literature, 1st Edition, Pulavar Ko Devarasan, Tamil Valarchip peravai publication, Chennai, India.
  6. Ilampooranaar, (1956) Tholkaappiyam-Poruladhigaram, 2nd Edition, Kazhagam Publication, Chennai, India.